The collapse of the French alliance and English intervention in 1560 meant that a comparatively small, but extremely influential, group of Protestants had been able to impose reform on the Scottish church. A confession of religion, rejecting papal jurisdiction and the mass, was adopted by Parliament in 1560, whereas the young Mary, Queen of Scots, was still in France. Within two years, the Rough Wooing started, Henry VIII’s navy try and drive a wedding between Mary and his son, Edward.

Many royal grants and privileges were granted to Scottish merchants till the 18th century, at which era the settlers began to merge more and more into the native population. There are a number of societies in modern Russia to unite[clarification wanted] the Scots.