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The NYT has an article about “gravel gardens” that features the horticulturist at Madison’s Olbrich Gardens

The NYT has an article about “gravel gardens” that features the horticulturist at Madison’s Olbrich Gardens

Sunrise – 6:37 and 6:51.

“‘I’ve never liked the name, because it just doesn’t conjure the look of what’s possible,’ said [Jeff] Epping, the director of horticulture at Olbrich Botanical Gardens, in Madison, Wis., where he created his first gravel garden in 2009, and has planted three more since. It is precisely because of the gravel that upkeep is so drastically reduced. This is no mere top-dressing – not a mulch layer, but a deliberate foundation four or five inches deep that the garden is planted into. That depth discourages weeds from finding a foothold, while minimizing runoff, directing available water to where roots can use it. Caring for an established gravel garden requires even less attention week to week than taking care of a lawn, which ‘might as well be a parking lot, as far as the garden’s creatures go,’ Mr. Epping said. As in a raised bed, what is required is a perimeter barrier – in this case, about six inches high – to contain the gravel at a consistent depth throughout. Otherwise, pebbles near the edges would naturally spread out, and the thinner layer of gravel would invite weeds to self-sow. “

The Madison, Wisconsin mask requirement ended on March 1st, but businesses are still allowed to require masks.

I walked all the way down to State Street just to enjoy the freedom to shop unmasked, but the individual shopkeeper’s freedom to exclude the unmasked stopped me basically everywhere I wanted to go.

“The Supreme Court on Friday reinstated the death sentence of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, who was convicted of helping carry out the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings. The vote was 6 to 3. “

After the justices agreed to review it, the Biden administration pursued the case, United States v. Tsarnaev, No. 20-443, even though President Biden has said he will work to abolish federal executions and the Justice Department under his administration has imposed a moratorium on carrying out the federal death penalty.

Until , there had been no federal executions in 17 years. In the six months that followed, the Trump administration executed 13 inmates, more than three times as many as the federal government had put to death in the previous six decades.

Why fight for the death penalty and maintain a moratorium against Miss Travel it? It’s valuable to preserve power, even the power that you don’t currently want to use. A slightly different way to put that is: For Democrats, the best political position is to oppose Dzhokhar Tsarnaev in court – and indeed to retain the death penalty – but never to execute anyone.

“Dickens was a social critic. Almost all his fiction satirizes the institutions and social types produced by that dramatic transformation of the means of production.”

“But he was not a revolutionary. His heroes are not even reformers. They are ordinary people who have made a simple commitment to decency. George Orwell, who had probably aspired to recruit Dickens to the socialist cause, reluctantly concluded that Dickens was not interested in political reform, only in moral improvement: ‘Useless to change institutions without a change of heart-that, essentially, is what he is always saying.’ In fact, a major target of Dickens’s satire is liberalism. [I]n nineteenth-century England the typical liberal was a utilitarian, who believed that the worth of a social program could be measured by cost-benefit analysis, and very likely a Malthusian. One of Dickens’s memorable caricatures in ‘Bleak House’ is Mrs. Jellyby. We see her at home obsessively devoted to her ‘Africa’ project, while neglecting, almost criminally, her own children. But Dickens is not ridiculing Mrs. Jellyby for caring about Africans. . [S]he was based on a woman Dickens had met, Caroline Chisholm, who operated a charity called the Family Colonization Loan Society, which helped poor English people emigrate. And Mrs. Jellyby’s project is the same: she is raising money for families to move to a place called Borrioboola-Gha, ‘on the left bank of the Niger,’ so that there will be fewer mouths to feed in England. She’s a Malthusian. “